Category: Cairo Tours
Historians have identified over 100 pyramids throughout Egypt, most of which date to the Old Kingdom and the Middle Kingdom periods of Egyptian history. The largest and best known of the Egyptian pyramids are found in Giza, which is located just outside of Egypt's capital city, Cairo.
Most of the Egyptian pyramids are located in an area southwest of Cairo, the country's capital. Since it is a town with sprawling urbanism, some are now included in the city. This is the case of the three most famous, the famous pyramids of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaure. Otherwise, they are located in a scattered necropolis from west Cairo to 60Kms southwest. These necropolises are well known: Giza, Saqqara, Abusir, Dahshur, etc. They are all on the left bank of the Nile, the side where the Sunsets, and therefore the side associated with the dead. The side of the rising sun is rather reserved for the living, this is where the cities are.
Yes, and even we can go further: A pyramid, during ancient Egypt, it was only part of a royal funeral complex. An important part of course, but a simple piece. The funeral complex of a Pharaoh consisted of a large rectangular area surrounded by a high wall, sometimes two concentric walls. Inside, there was a temple where rites were practiced. It was connected outside with a long pavement often covered, a kind of corridor several hundred meters long which ended in a low temple, called "temple of the valley". All this was supplemented by ancillary pyramids (eg Queen's) and sometimes cemeteries for senior officials, members of the royal family, and important personalities.
Yes, You can and we will help you doing that if you like.
The Sphinx is a monumental statue of the Giza Plateau. It lies to the east of the pyramid of Khafra, which it would be a representation. It seems to have been built under Khafra who would have been represented, but this state of fact is not certain, some assumptions tend towards the fact that it would represent his father Khufu. Its role is not known, it could be the guardian of the necropolis, a little like the sphinx statues found on both sides of temple entrances, they are the guardians of the temple. The Great Sphinx of Giza has before him a temple quite similar to the lower temple of the funeral complex of Khafra, they could have been built at the same time, or at least by the same architect. It is a solar temple, it is dedicated to Re.
The pyramids of Egypt date mostly from the old empire. During the Middle Kingdom there was a burst of the practice of burying the pharaohs under pyramids, so there was a second wave of pyramids, but it was during the ancient empire that they were designed and built. The first one was raised to -2630, the following ones were during the decades that followed. This period was the golden age of the pyramids. It corresponded to the Third Dynasty (for the first, that of Djoser), the fourth (the period of the giant pyramids), and the fifth and sixth (period of stability in the architectural style). During the Middle Kingdom the pyramids were mainly built during the twelfth and thirteenth dynasties, then there were some in the seventeenth dynasty. The last known royal pyramid dates from the eighteenth dynasty.
Many movies, books, and other works of historical fiction centering around life in ancient Egypt, particularly the oft reimagined biblical story of Moses, depict the pyramid builders as slaves. Although it has been documented that ancient Egyptians employed slaves or servants, modern archeological research shows that Egyptian workers actually constructed the pyramids. Villages and remains of pyramid workers have shed light not only on the ethnicity and sex of the workers but also on the amenities available to workers. Workers' villages included not only craftsmen relating to the pyramid's construction but also cooks, bakers, priests, and medicine men.
Yes, You can do it with extra charge.
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