Saqqara is a vast ancient burial ground in Egypt, located approximately 30km south of Cairo. It was used for burials for over 3,000 years, from the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3100 BCE) to the Ptolemaic Period (332-30 BCE). Saqqara is famous for its several well-preserved tombs and pyramids, including the Pyramid of Djoser, which is considered to be the oldest surviving pyramid in Egypt. The site also contains numerous temples, chapels, and other structures of great historical and archaeological significance. It is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a popular tourist attraction.