philae Temple in Aswan


The Philae Temple, also known as the Temple of Isis, is located on the island of Philae in Aswan, Egypt. The temple has a long and fascinating history, dating back to ancient times.

Construction of the original temple complex is believed to have begun during the reign of Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus in the 3rd century BCE. However, the temple underwent several renovations and additions during the subsequent Ptolemaic and Roman periods. It was dedicated to the goddess Isis, who was worshipped as the mother of Horus and the wife of Osiris.

The Philae Temple was an important religious center and pilgrimage site for devotees of the cult of Isis. It was believed that the temple had connections to the legend of the resurrection of Osiris, as his body was said to have been buried on the island of Philae. The temple complex consisted of several buildings, including the Great Temple of Isis, a mammisi (birth house), and various smaller shrines and sanctuaries.

In the 6th century CE, the Byzantine Empire implemented a ban on paganism, leading to the decline of the cult of Isis and the abandonment of the temple. In the 19th century, the construction of the Aswan High Dam threatened to permanently submerge the island of Philae underwater. In order to preserve the temple complex, an international rescue operation was carried out between 1960 and 1980. The entire Philae Temple complex was dismantled and relocated to the nearby island of Agilkia, where it was reassembled.

Today, the Philae Temple is a popular tourist attraction, showcasing the beautiful Egyptian architecture and religious symbolism of ancient times. The complex features well-preserved carvings, colonnades, and hieroglyphs, depicting mythological scenes and religious rituals dedicated to the goddess Isis. Visitors can explore the various chambers, courtyards, and sanctuaries of the temple complex, immersing themselves in the rich history and spirituality of ancient Egypt.

Egypt Wikitravel
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