The Luxor Temple is located on the east bank of the Nile River in Luxor, Egypt. It was built primarily during the New Kingdom period, between the 14th and 12th centuries BCE.
The construction of the temple was started by Amenhotep III (1386–1349 BCE) and later expanded by other pharaohs, including Tutankhamun (1332–1323 BCE) and Ramses II (1279–1213 BCE). The temple was dedicated primarily to the Theban Triad, consisting of the god Amun, his consort Mut, and their son Khonsu.
The Luxor Temple served as a center for religious and political ceremonies throughout the ancient Egyptian period. It was believed to be the home of the god Amun and was considered one of the holiest places in ancient Egypt. The temple was also used as a base for the annual Opet Festival, during which the statues of Amun, Mut, and Khonsu were paraded from Karnak Temple to Luxor Temple.
During the reign of the Nubian kings in the 7th and 8th centuries BCE, the temple underwent some modifications and additions. The Kushite pharaohs added a pylon gate and statues depicting themselves to the temple complex.
Over the centuries, the Luxor Temple fell into disrepair and was buried under silt and debris. In the Muslim era, a mosque was built within the temple grounds, known as Abu Haggag Mosque. In 1884, extensive restoration works began, led by the French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero and later by archaeologist Henri Edouard Naville.
Today, Luxor Temple is one of the best-preserved ancient Egyptian temples and is a popular tourist attraction. It showcases magnificent architectural feats, such as towering obelisks, colossal statues, and intricately carved reliefs, depicting scenes from Egyptian mythology and the pharaohs’ accomplishments. The temple complex also includes a large court, colonnades, and a hypostyle hall.