The Nubian Museum in Aswan is dedicated to preserving and exhibiting the history and culture of Nubia, a region in present-day Sudan and southern Egypt.
The museum was inaugurated in 1997 and is located on an elevated hill on the west bank of the Nile River. It was built to mitigate the loss of numerous archaeological sites and monuments due to the construction of the Aswan High Dam. The dam, completed in 1970, resulted in the flooding of large areas of Nubia, including ancient temples, tombs, and villages.
The Nubian Museum was designed by Egyptian architect Mahmoud El-Hakim to blend with the natural landscape and reflect the traditional Nubian architecture. Its distinctive dome-shaped structure is inspired by Nubian houses and provides visitors with a panoramic view of Aswan and the Nile.
The museum showcases the history and culture of the Nubian people, from prehistoric times to the present day. It houses a vast collection of artifacts, including statues, pottery, jewelry, tools, and religious objects. These artifacts offer insights into the social, economic, and religious facets of Nubian civilization.
One of the highlights of the museum is the colossal statues of Ramses II, which were originally located at the entrance of the Great Temple of Abu Simbel. These statues were dismantled and relocated to the museum to protect them from being submerged under the waters of Lake Nasser.
In addition to the permanent exhibitions, the Nubian Museum also hosts temporary exhibitions, cultural events, and educational programs. It serves as a center for research and documentation of Nubian history and provides a platform for the Nubian community to showcase their arts, crafts, and traditions.
Overall, the Nubian Museum in Aswan is a significant cultural institution that preserves and celebrates the rich heritage of Nubia. It stands as a testament to the resilience and ingenuity of the Nubian people in preserving their identity despite the challenges they have faced throughout history.