In Egypt, death and funerals are significant events that are deeply rooted in religious and cultural traditions. Here are some customs and practices related to death and funerals in Egypt:
- Islamic Traditions: The majority of Egyptians are Muslims, and Islamic funeral customs are followed. According to Islamic beliefs, death is seen as a transition to the afterlife. Funeral preparations are usually performed as per Islamic rituals.
- Mourning Period: During the mourning period, which lasts for 40 days, family members are expected to wear black clothing. Women may wear veils and men may have a shaved head or wear a black cap. Friends and relatives may visit the deceased’s family to offer condolences and support.
- Ghusl and Shrouding: Before burial, the deceased is given Ghusl, a ritual washing performed by family members of the same gender. The body is then wrapped in a simple white shroud, usually made of cotton or linen.
- Funeral Prayers: Islamic funeral prayers, known as Salat al-Janazah, are conducted by a group of Muslims at the mosque or at the home of the deceased. During the prayer, specific verses from the Quran are recited, and supplications are made for the deceased.
- Burial Rituals: The deceased is typically buried within 24 hours after death, in line with Islamic customs. The body is taken to the cemetery, where it is placed in the grave, usually facing Mecca. Traditionally, males attending the burial may carry the body to the grave on a stretcher-like structure called a “janazah.”
- Funeral Procession: A funeral procession is organized, where family and friends walk behind the body in a slow and solemn manner. Religious chants and prayers may be recited during the procession.
- Mourning Practices: After the burial, family members may continue to observe mourning practices for a specific period. This may include refraining from celebrations, attending religious gatherings, and maintaining a quiet and solemn atmosphere at home.
- Condolence Visits: Friends, relatives, and neighbors usually visit the deceased’s family to offer condolences and support during the mourning period. They may bring food and other essentials to help the grieving